2.C Settlement and Integration
C.9 What costs need to be considered and who covers them?
(ii) Who bears the costs of settlement support services?
How Canada Does It
Sponsoring groups are generally required to cover the basic needs of sponsored refugees for their first year in Canada or until they become self-sufficient. The federal and provincial/territorial governments cover the costs of most settlement services, such as language training and employment-related services counselling, as well as education and access to healthcare. Refugees must cover their travel costs. Since April 2017, Canada has issued Interim Federal Health Program coverage to refugees to cover the costs of their medical exams. Refugees may be charged for costs of credentials assessment and some dental care, and must also pay tuition for post-secondary education (see 2,C.9(iii)). Other community organizations and municipalities may cover the costs of additional and/or supplementary services to resettled refugees.
SPONSORING GROUPS are responsible for providing start-up costs for household items, furniture, linens, food staples, clothing, utilities, phone installation, and first month’s rent. Sponsors also pay for ongoing costs of housing, food, and transportation, and provide twelve months of income assistance to sponsored refugees.
The GOVERNMENT OF CANADA, through the Settlement Program, funds a network of settlement agencies across the country (outside of Quebec) that provide services such as support, orientation and information, translation and interpretation, language training, and job-related services, and referrals to other supports in the community. Canada covers the costs of language training through its Language Instruction for Newcomers to Canada program (see 2.C.8).
PROVINCIAL/TERRITORIAL GOVERNMENTS cover the costs of health care (see 2.C.5) and public primary and secondary education (see C.6). Provinces/territories also fund a variety of settlement support services and organizations.
REFUGEES must cover the costs of their travel. Since April 2017, Canada has issued Interim Federal Health Program coverage to refugees to cover the costs of their medical exams, which previously was the refugees' responsibility. They may be charged for costs of foreign educational and professional credentials assessment, and some dental care. They must also pay tuition if they choose to pursue post-secondary education (see 2.C.6 and 2.C.9(iii)).
OTHER COMMUNITY ORGANIZATIONS, NGOs, ETHNO-CULTURAL AND DIASPORA GROUPS may provide a range of additional services to promote cultural orientation and foster better integration outcomes (see 2.C.7(i)).