2.A Refugees: From Eligibility to Arrival
A.7 How does overseas processing by UNHCR work?
(i) What are the preconditions for a refugee to be submitted for resettlement to a country by UNHCR?
How Canada Does It
There are three preconditions for refugees to be submitted for resettlement to Canada by UNHCR:
- The individual is determined to be a refugee by UNHCR;
- The prospects for all durable solutions were assessed, and resettlement is identified as the most appropriate solution; and
- The individual falls under one or more of the UNHCR resettlement submission categories.
As a general rule, resettlement is only available to refugees who have a continued need for international protection. It is essential to ensure that each individual referred for resettlement has been determined to be a refugee.
The few exceptions to the precondition of refugee recognition are non-refugee stateless persons, and certain dependent non-refugee family members of refugees.
There are three durable solutions available for refugees: voluntary repatriation; local integration; and resettlement. There is no formal hierarchy among the three durable solutions.
For a refugee to be submitted for resettlement to another country by UNHCR, all three durable solutions should be given full consideration and resettlement must be identified as the most appropriate solution. This requires an individual assessment of each case to establish if voluntary repatriation or local integration can be pursued prior to processing a case of resettlement.
To have their case submitted to a resettlement country, refugees must meet the requirements for submission under one or more of the resettlement submission categories (see 2.A.4(iii)).