2.A Refugees: From Eligibility to Arrival
A.2 What resources and partnerships are required to process privately sponsored refugees?
(vi) What is the role of the host country in processing refugees for sponsorship/resettlement?
How Canada Does It
The host country plays an important role in processing refugees for resettlement through private sponsorship. Host countries’ roles include: facilitating exit permits, registering asylum seekers, in some cases conducting refugee status determination and referring cases to UNHCR, and enabling Canadian visa officers to operate on their territories.
The host country plays an important role in processing refugees for resettlement through private sponsorship. For example, some host countries require refugees to obtain exit permits and related documentation to enable refugee travel to Canada.
In addition, host countries may require that refugees and asylum-seekers register with their government or UNHCR when they arrive on their territory.
Some host countries conduct their own refugee status determination, and may bring cases to the attention of UNHCR. UNHCR in turn determines their suitability for resettlement and ultimate referral to Canada.
Host countries also play an important facilitation and enabling role in permitting Canadian visa officers to operate on their territories, supporting the establishment of new visa offices, and organizing logistics/transportation to enable visa officers to conduct in-person interviews with refugees.
These roles require coordination between local visa offices, UNHCR, International Organization for Migration, and the host country.